|Biopolymers 2000-2001;56(2):85-95||Related Articles, Links|
Chakrabarti S, Mir MA, Dasgupta D.
Biophysics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 37 Belgachia Road, Calcutta 700 037, India.
The antitumor antibiotics chromomycin A(3) (CHR) and mithramycin (MTR) are known to inhibit macromolecular biosynthesis by reversibly binding to double stranded DNA with a GC base specificity via the minor groove in the presence of a divalent cation such as Mg(2+). Earlier reports from our laboratory showed that the antibiotics form two types of complexes with Mg(2+): complex I with 1:1 stoichiometry and complex II with 2:1 stoichiometry in terms of the antibiotic and Mg(2+). The binding potential of an octanucleotide, d(TATGCATA)(2), which contains one potential site of association with the above complexes of the two antibiotics, was examined using spectroscopic techniques such as absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism. We also evaluated thermodynamic parameters for the interaction. In spite of the presence of two structural moieties of the antibiotic in complex II, a major characteristic feature was the association of a single ligand molecule per molecule of octameric duplex in all cases. This indicated that the modes of association for the two types of complexes with the oligomeric DNA were different. The association was dependent on the nature of the antibiotics. Spectroscopic characterization along with analysis of binding and thermodynamic parameters showed that differences in the mode of recognition by complexes I and II of the antibiotics with polymeric DNA existed at the oligomeric level. Analysis of the thermodynamic parameters led us to propose a partial accommodation of the ligand in the groove without the displacement of bound water molecules and supported earlier results on the DNA structural transition from B --> A type geometry as an obligatory requirement for the accommodation of the bulkier complex II of the two drugs. The role of the carbohydrate moieties of the antibiotics in the DNA recognition process was indicated when we compared the DNA binding properties with the same type of Mg(2+) complex for the two antibiotics. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopolymers (Biospectroscopy) 62: 131-140, 2001